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January 22, 1561 to April 9, 1626

Francis Bacon, a world-renowned philosopher, statesman and creator of English essays, is remembered as the brains behind the “scientific method” which is still widely used today. His death was a result of an experiment he was doing to determine if snow can preserve meat in the same way that salt is used. The experiment was a failure and he died of a serious case of pneumonia due to prolonged exposure to freezing weather.